Panobinostat is used to treat multiple myeloma. This medication should be used in combination with an other anticancer drug and a corticosteroid.
Panobinostat is a prescription medication used to treat multiple myeloma. Panobinostat belongs to a group of drugs called HDAC inhibitors. These work by slowing the over-development of plasma cells in multiple myeloma patients or causing these dangerous cells to die.
This medication is available as an oral capsule and is usually taken once every other day during the first 2 weeks of a 3-week chemotherapy cycle. Treatment should be continued for 8 cycles. Do not crush, chew, or open the capsules. Swallow panobinostat capsules whole.
Common side effects of panobinostat include diarrhea, nausea, swelling of the extremities, fever, and vomiting. Panobinostat can also cause dizziness and drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how panobinostat affects you.
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Uses of Panobinostat
Panobinostat is a prescription medication used to treat multiple myeloma. Panobinostat is to be used in combination with bortezomib, a type of chemotherapy, and dexamethasone, an anti-inflammatory medication.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Panobinostat Brand Names
Panobinostat may be found in some form under the following brand names:
Panobinostat Drug Class
Panobinostat is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Panobinostat
Serious side effects have been reported with panobinostat. See the “Panobinostat Precautions” section.
Common side effects of panobinostat include the following:
- swelling in the arms or legs
- decreased appetite
- changes in blood counts
- low potassium
- low sodium in the blood (hyponatremia)
This is not a complete list of panobinostat side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- atomoxetine (Strattera)
- bepredil (Vascor)
- boceprevir (Victrelis)
- clarithromycin (Biaxin)
- conivaptan (Vaprisol)
- desipramine (Norpramin)
- dextromethorphan (Delsym)
- halofantrine (Halfan)
- indinavir (Crixivan)
- itraconazole (Onmel, Sporanox)
- ketoconazole (Nizoral)
- lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)
- methadone (Methadose, Diskets)
- metoprolol (Lopressor)
- moxifloxacin (Vigamox, Avelox, Moxeza)
- nebivolol (Bystolic)
- nefazadone (Serzone)
- nelfinavir (Viracept)
- ondansetron (Zupenz, Zofran)
- pimozide (Orap)
- posaconazole (Noxafil)
- ritonavir (Norvir, in Kaletra)
- saquinavir (Fortovase, Invirase)
- telaprevir (Incivek)
- telithromycin (Ketek)
- tolterodine (Detrol)
- tropisetron (Navoban)
- venlafaxine (Effexor)
- voriconazole (Vfend)
This is not a complete list of panobinostat drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Serious side effects have been reported with panobinostat including the following:
- Hemorrhage, including gastrointestinal and pulmonary bleeding
- Liver toxicity and abnormal liver function
- Embryo and fetal toxicity
Panobinostat can also cause dizziness and drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how panobinostat affects you.
Do not take panobinostat if you are:
- allergic to panobinostat or to any of its ingredients
Panobinostat Food Interactions
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice, star fruit, and pomegranates and pomegranate juice may interact with panobinostat and lead to potentially dangerous effects. Discuss the use of these fruits and fruit products with your doctor.
Before taking panobinostat, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:
- are allergic to panobinostat or to any of its ingredients
- have liver disease
- have heart disease
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Panobinostat and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Panobinostat can cause fetal harm if administered to pregnant women. Women should perform a pregnancy test before beginning panobinostat and intermittently during treatment to confirm that they are not pregnant. Females should avoid becoming pregnant while taking panobinostat and for at least 1 month after the last dose of panobinostat. Males should avoid use condoms while taking panobinostat and for up to 3 months after the last dose of panobinostat.
Panobinostat and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
It is not known if panobinostat crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using panobinostat.
Take panobinostat exactly as prescribed.
This medication is available as an oral capsule and is usually taken once every other day during the first 2 weeks of a 3-week chemotherapy cycle. Treatment should be continued for 8 cycles.
Do not crush, chew, or open the capsules. Swallow panobinostat capsules whole.
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take 2 doses of panobinostat at the same time.
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
The dose your doctor recommends may be based on the following:
- the condition being treated
- how you respond to this medication
The recommended dose of panobinostat for the treatment of multiple myeloma is 20 mg every other day for 3 doses per week during weeks 1 and 2 of a 3-week chemotherapy cycle. Treatment may be continued for up to 8 cycles.
If you take too much panobinostat, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center or seek emergency medical attention right away.
If panobinostat is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.
- Store panobinostat at room temperature. Store it in the original blister pack to protect it from light.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist on special handling of panobinostat.
- Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.
Panobinostat FDA Warning
WARNING: FATAL AND SERIOUS TOXICITIES: SEVERE DIARRHEA AND CARDIAC TOXICITIES
Severe diarrhea occurred in 25% of panobinostat treated patients. Monitor for symptoms, institute anti-diarrheal treatment, interrupt panobinostat and then reduce dose or discontinue panobinostat.
Severe and fatal cardiac ischemic events, severe arrhythmias, and ECG changes have occurred in patients receiving panobinostat. Arrhythmias may be exacerbated by electrolyte abnormalities. Obtain ECG and electrolytes at baseline and periodically during treatment as clinically indicated.