Fingolimod treats multiple sclerosis (MS). This medication decreases the number of MS relapses and slows the progression of certain disabilities such as physical problems that MS causes.
Fingolimod is a prescription medication used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Fingolimod belongs to a group of drugs called sphingosine l-phosphate receptor modulators. Although the exact way it works is unknown, it may work by decreasing the activity of certain cells of the immune system.
This medication comes in capsule form and is taken once a day, with or without food.
Common side effects include headache, flu, diarrhea, and back pain.
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Uses of Fingolimod
Fingolimod is a prescription medicine used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) in adults and children 10 years of age and older.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Fingolimod Brand Names
Fingolimod may be found in some form under the following brand names:
Fingolimod Drug Class
Fingolimod is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Fingolimod
Fingolimod can cause serious side effects. See "Drug Precautions".
The most common side effects of fingolimod include:
- back and stomach pain
- abnormal liver tests
- pain in the arms or legs
- inflammation of the sinuses
Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all of the possible side effects of fingolimod. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- Medicines for:
- heart problems or
- high blood pressure or
- other medicines that may lower your heart rate or change your heart rhythm
- Vaccines. Tell your doctor if you have been vaccinated within 1 month before you start taking fingolimod. You should not get certain vaccines while you take fingolimod and for at least 2 months after you stop taking fingolimod. If you take certain vaccines, you may get the infection the vaccine should have prevented. Vaccines may not work as well when given during fingolimod treatment.
- Medicines that could raise your chance of getting infections, such as medicines to treat cancer or to control your immune system.
- Ketoconazole (an antifungal drug) by mouth
This is not a complete list of fingolimod drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Fingolimod may cause serious side effects, including:
Slow heart rate (bradycardia or bradyarrhythmia) when you start taking fingolimod. This medication can cause your heart rate to slow down, especially after you take your first dose. You will have a test to check the electrical activity of your heart (ECG) before you take your first dose of fingolimod.
You should stay in a medical facility for at least 6 hours after you take your first dose of fingolimod.
After you take your first dose of fingolimod:
- Your pulse and blood pressure should be checked every hour.
- You should be watched by a healthcare professional to see if you have any serious side effects. If your heart rate slows down too much, you may have symptoms such as:
- feeling like your heart is beating slowly or skipping beats
- If you have any of the symptoms of slow heart rate, they will usually happen during the first 6 hours after your first dose of fingolimod. Symptoms can happen up to 24 hours after you take your first fingolimod dose.
- 6 hours after you take your first dose of fingolimod you will have another ECG. If your ECG shows any heart problems or if your heart rate is still too low or continues to decrease, you will continue to be watched.
- If you have any serious side effects after your first dose of fingolimod, especially those that require treatment with other medicines, you will stay in the medical facility to be watched overnight. You will also be watched for any serious side effects for at least 6 hours after you take your second dose of fingolimod the next day.
- If you have certain types of heart problems, or if you are taking certain types of medicines that can affect your heart, you will be watched overnight after you take your first dose of fingolimod.
Your slow heart rate will usually return to normal within 1 month after you start taking fingolimod.
Call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room right away if you have any symptoms of slow heart rate.
Infections. Fingolimod can increase your risk of serious infections. Fingolimod lowers the number of white blood cells (lymphocytes) in your blood. This will usually go back to normal within 2 months of stopping treatment. Your doctor may do a blood test before you start taking fingolimod. Call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms of an infection:
- body aches
Rare Brain Infection (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)). PML is a rare and serious brain infection that usually leads to death or severe disability.
If PML happens, it usually happens in people with weakened immune systems but has happened in people who do not have weakened immune systems.
Symptoms of PML get worse over days to weeks. Call your doctor right away if you have any new or worsening symptoms of PML, that have lasted several days, including:
- weakness on 1 side of your body
- loss of coordination in your arms and legs
- decreased strength
- problems with balance
- changes in your vision
- changes in your thinking or memory/confusion
- changes in your personality
Do not stop taking this medication without first discussing any questions or concerns with your health care professionals.
A problem with your vision called macular edema. Macular edema can cause some of the same vision symptoms as an MS attack (optic neuritis). You may not notice any symptoms with macular edema. Macular edema usually starts in the first 3 to 4 months after you start taking fingolimod. Your doctor should test your vision before you start taking fingolimod and 3 to 4 months after you start taking fingolimod, or any time you notice vision changes during treatment with fingolimod. Your risk of macular edema may be higher if you have diabetes or have had an inflammation of your eye called uveitis.
Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following:
- blurriness or shadows in the center of your vision
- a blind spot in the center of your vision
- sensitivity to light
- unusually colored (tinted) vision
Breathing Problems. Some people who take fingolimod have shortness of breath. Call your doctor right away if you have trouble breathing.
Liver problems. fingolimod may cause liver problems. Your doctor should do blood tests to check your liver before you start taking fingolimod. Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms of liver problems:
- stomach pain
- loss of appetite
- your skin or the whites of your eyes turn yellow
- dark urine
Types of skin cancer called basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and melanoma. Tell your doctor if you have any changes in the appearance of your skin.
Increased blood pressure. Your doctor will monitor your blood pressure.
Swelling and narrowing of the blood vessels in your brain. Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:
- sudden severe headache
- sudden confusion
- sudden loss of vision or other changes in your vision
Do not take fingolimod if you:
- have had a heart attack, unstable angina, stroke or warning stroke or certain types of heart failure in the last 6 months
- have certain types of irregular or abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia), including patients in whom a heart finding called prolonged QT is seen on ECG before starting fingolimod
- are taking certain medicines that change your heart rhythm
If any of the above situations apply to you, tell your doctor.
Fingolimod Food Interactions
Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of fingolimod, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.
Before you take fingolimod, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions, including if you had or now have:
- an irregular or abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia)
- a history of stroke or warning stroke
- heart problems, including heart attack or angina
- a history of repeated fainting (syncope)
- a fever or infection, or you are unable to fight infections. Tell your doctor if you have had chicken pox or have received the vaccine for chicken pox. Your doctor may do a blood test for chicken pox virus. You may need to get the vaccine for chicken pox and then wait 1 month before you start taking fingolimod.
- eye problems, especially an inflammation of the eye called uveitis.
- breathing problems, including during your sleep
- liver problems
- high blood pressure
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
Do not take this medication if you are allergic to this medication or to any of its ingredients.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Fingolimod and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Fingolimod may harm your unborn baby.
- Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking fingolimod or if you become pregnant within 2 months after you stop taking fingolimod.
- If you are a female who can become pregnant, you should use effective birth control during your treatment with fingolimod and for at least 2 months after you stop taking fingolimod.
Pregnancy Registry: There is a registry for women who become pregnant during treatment with fingolimod. If you become pregnant while taking fingolimod, talk to your doctor about registering with the fingolimod Pregnancy Registry. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about your health and your baby’s health.
Fingolimod and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if fingolimod passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take fingolimod or breastfeed. You should not do both.
- Your first dose of fingolimod will be given in a medical facility where you will be watched for at least 6 hours after your first dose of fingolimod. See "Drug Precautions".
- Take fingolimod exactly as your doctor tells you to take it.
- Take fingolimod 1 time each day.
- Take fingolimod with or without food.
- Do not stop taking fingolimod without talking with your doctor first.
- If you start fingolimod again after stopping for 2 weeks or more, you will start taking fingolimod again in your doctor’s office or clinic.
Call your doctor right away if you miss a dose.
- If you need to be observed by a healthcare professional when you take your next dose you will have:
- an ECG before you take your dose
- hourly pulse and blood pressure measurements after you take the dose
- an ECG 6 hours after your dose
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
Adults and pediatric patients (10 years of age and older) weighing more than 40 kg: The recommended dose of Gilenya (fingolimod) is 0.5 mg orally once daily.
Pediatric patients (10 years of age and above) weighing less than or equal to 40 kg: The recommended dose of Gilenya (fingolimod) is 0.25 mg orally once-daily.
If you take too much fingolimod, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
If fingolimod is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if an overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.
- Store fingolimod in the original blister pack in a dry place.
- Store fingolimod at room temperature between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
- Keep fingolimod and all medicines out of the reach of children.