Ryzolt is used for moderate to moderately severe pain. It also has weak antidepressant effects. Ryzolt may not be suitable in people with a history of seizures.
Ryzolt is a prescription medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe chronic pain in adults. Ryzolt belongs to a group of drugs called opioid analgesics, which work by blocking pain signals in the body.
Ryzolt comes as an extended-release tablet and is taken once a day, with liquid. Do not chew, divide, or break Ryzolt extended-release tablets. Swallow the tablets whole.
Common side effects of Ryzolt include nausea, constipation, and vomiting. Ryzolt can also cause dizziness or drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how Ryzolt affects you.
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Uses of Ryzolt
Ryzolt is a prescription medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe chronic pain.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Ryzolt Drug Class
Ryzolt is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Ryzolt
Serious side effects have been reported with Ryzolt. See "Drug Precautions" section.
Common side effects of Ryzolt include:
- itching skin
- dry mouth
- loss of appetite
- trouble falling or staying asleep
This is not a complete list of Ryzolt side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- digoxin (Lanoxin)
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- central nervous system depressants such as alcohol, tranquilizers, or sedative hypnotics
- other opioid medications such as hydrocodone (Vicodin) or oxycodone (Oxycontin)
- medications that block the enzyme CYP3A4 such as some macrolide antibiotics (clarithromycin, telithromycin), some HIV protease inhibitors (indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir), some HCV protease inhibitors (boceprevir, telaprevir), some azole antifungals (ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole), conivaptan (Vaprisol), delavirdine (Rescriptor), and nefazodone (Serzone)
- medications that increase the activity of the enzyme CYP3A4 such as carbamazepine (Tegretol, Equetro, Carbatrol), phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin), rifampin, St John's wort, and nimodipine (Nimotop)
- medications that block the enzyme CYP2D6 such as quinidine (Qualaquin), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), amitriptyline (Elavil, Amitril), and paroxetine (Paxil)
- triptans such as sumatriptan (Imitrex), eletriptan (Relpax), almotriptan (Axert), frovatriptan (Frova), naratriptan (Amerge), rizatriptan (Maxalt), and zolmitriptan (Zomig)
- monoamine oxidase inhibitors such as tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Eldepryl, Zelapar), isocarboxazid (Marplan), and rasagiline (Azilect)
- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa), paroxetine (Paxil), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), and fluvoxamine (Luvox)
- tricyclic antidepressants such as trimipramine (Surmontil), amitriptyline (Elavil), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl), protriptyline (Vivactil), and clomipramine (Anafranil)
- other tricyclic compounds such as cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) and promethazine (Phenergan)
This is not a complete list of Ryzolt drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Serious side effects have been reported with Ryzolt including the following:
- seizures. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have some or all of the following symptoms of seizures:
- body convulsions (shaking and trembling)
- temporary loss of consciousness
- serotonin syndrome. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have some or all of the following symptoms of serotonin syndrome:
- fast heart rate
- overactive reflexes
- high blood pressure
- restlessness or agitation
- nausea or vomiting
- decline in muscle coordination
- rise in body temperature
- discontinuation symptoms. Do not stop Ryzolt without first talking to your healthcare provider. Stopping Ryzolt suddenly may cause serious symptoms including the following:
- shaking or shivering
- upper airway symptoms
- goose bumps
- rarely hallucinations
Ryzolt can cause dizziness or drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how Ryzolt affects you.
Avoid drinking alcohol while taking Ryzolt.
Do not take Ryzolt if you:
- are allergic to Ryzolt or any of its ingredients
- have a history of respiratory depression in unmonitored settings or the absence of corrective measures
- have a history of acute or chronic bronchial asthma or hypercapnia in unmonitored settings or the absence of corrective measures
Ryzolt Food Interactions
Medicines can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Ryzolt, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving Ryzolt.
Before taking Ryzolt, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:
- are allergic to Ryzolt or to any of its ingredients
- have respiratory problems
- have a history of seizures or are at risk of seizures
- have medical problems with your digestive tract
- have or have had depression
- are suicidal or have had suicidal thoughts
- have a history of substance or alcohol abuse
- are consuming large amounts of alcohol
- have liver problems
- have kidney problems
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Ryzolt and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.
Ryzolt falls into category C. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans. Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn child.
Ryzolt and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
Ryzolt has been detected in human breast milk. Because of the possibility for adverse reactions in nursing infants from Ryzolt, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or to stop use of this medication. The importance of the drug to the mother should be considered.
Take Ryzolt exactly as prescribed.
Ryzolt comes as an extended-release tablet and is taken once a day, with liquid.
Do not chew, divide, or break Ryzolt extended-release tablets.
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of Ryzolt at the same time.
Take Ryzolt exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
The Ryzolt dose your doctor recommends will be based on the following:
- the severity of your pain
- other medical conditions you have
- other medications you are taking
- how you respond to this medication
- your age
The recommended dose range of Ryzolt (tramadol) extended-release tablets is 200 to 300 mg once every day.
If you take too much Ryzolt, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
If Ryzolt is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.
- Store Ryzolt between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
- Keep Ryzolt and all medicines out of the reach of children.