Sotret

Sotret treats severe acne. Your acne may get worse when you first start taking this medicine. In order to get your prescription, you must agree to the instructions of the iPLEDGE program.

Sotret Overview

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Sotret is a prescription medication used to treat the most severe form of acne called nodular acne. Sotret belongs to a group of drugs called retinoids. It is thought to work by preventing oil production in glands under the skin.

This medication comes in capsule form and is usually taken twice daily, with food. Sotret may be taken for four or five months. A longer periods of use is not recommended.

Common side effects of Sotret include dry skin, chapped lips, dry eyes, or dry nose causing nosebleeds. Sotret can also cause birth defects, miscarriages, or premature births.

Because Sotret can cause birth defects, patients, doctors, and pharmacies must be registered with a special distribution program called the iPLEDGE program.

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Sotret Cautionary Labels

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Uses of Sotret

Sotret is a prescription medication used to treat severe from of acne (nodular acne) that has not responded to other treatments.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Manufacturer

Sotret Drug Class

Sotret is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Sotret

Serious side effects have been reported with Sotret. See “Sotret Precautions” section.

Common side effects of Sotret may include the following:

  • dry skin
  • chapped lips
  • dry eyes
  • dry nose that may lead to nosebleeds

Call your doctor if you get any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

Sotret Interactions

Tell your doctor about all of the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Sotret and certain other medicines can interact with each other, sometimes causing serious side effects. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • Vitamin A supplements. Vitamin A in high doses has many of the same side effects as isotretinoin. Taking both together may increase your chance of getting side effects
  • tetracycline antibiotics such as doxycycline, tetracylcine, or minocycline (Minocin)
  • progestin-only birth control pills (mini-pills) such as Camilla, Norethindrone, and Orvette
  • dilantin (phenytoin)
  • corticosteroids such as dexamethasone, hydrocortosine, or fludrocortisone (Florinef)
  • St. John’s wort

These medicines should not be used with Sotret unless your doctor tells you it is okay.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show to your doctor and pharmacist. Do not take any new medicine without talking with your doctor.

Sotret Precautions

  • Because Sotret can cause birth defects, Sotret is only for patients who can understand and agree to carry out all of the instructions in the iPLEDGE program.
  • Sotret may cause serious mental health problems.

Sotret can cause serious side effects:

1) Birth defects (deformed babies), loss of a baby before birth (miscarriage), death of the baby and early (premature) births. Female patients who are pregnant or who plan to become pregnant must not take Sotret. Female patients must not get pregnant:

  • for 1 month before starting Sotret
  • while taking Sotret
  • for 1 month after stopping Sotret

If you get pregnant while taking Sotret, stop taking it right away and call your doctor. Doctors and patients should report all cases of pregnancy to:

  • FDA MedWatch at 1-800-FDA-1088, and
  • the iPLEDGE pregnancy registry at 1-866-495-0654

2) Serious mental health problems. Sotret may cause:

  • depression
  • psychosis (seeing or hearing things that are not real)
  • suicide. Some patients taking Sotret have had thoughts about hurting themselves or putting an end to their own lives (suicidal thoughts). Some people tried to end their own lives. And some people have ended their own lives.

Stop Sotret and call your doctor right away if you or a family member notices that you have any of the following signs and symptoms of depression or psychosis:

  • start to feel sad or have crying spells
  • lose interest in activities you once enjoyed
  • sleep too much or have trouble sleeping
  • become more irritable, angry, or aggressive than usual (for example, temper outbursts, thoughts of violence)
  • have a change in your appetite or body weight
  • have trouble concentrating
  • withdraw from your friends or family
  • feel like you have no energy
  • have feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • start having thoughts about hurting yourself or taking your own life (suicidal thoughts)
  • start acting on dangerous impulses
  • start seeing or hearing things that are not real

Other serious side effects:

  • Serious brain problems: Sotret can increase the pressure in your brain. This can lead to permanent loss of eyesight and, in rare cases, death. Stop taking Sotret and call your doctor right away if you get any of these signs of increased brain pressure:
    • bad headache
    • blurred vision
    • dizziness
    • nausea or vomiting
    • seizures (convulsions)
    • stroke
  • Skin problems: Skin rash can occur in patients taking Sotret. In some patients a rash can be serious. Stop using Sotret and call your doctor right away if you develop conjunctivitis (red or inflamed eyes, like “pink eye”), a rash with a fever, blisters on legs, arms or face and/or sores in your mouth, throat, nose, eyes, or if your skin begins to peel.
  • Stomach area (abdomen) problems: Certain symptoms may mean that your internal organs are being damaged. These organs include the liver, pancreas, bowel (intestines) and esophagus (connection between mouth and stomach). If your organs are damaged, they may not get better even after you stop taking Sotret. Stop taking Sotret and call your doctor if you get:
    • severe stomach, chest or bowel pain.
    • trouble swallowing or painful swallowing.
    • new or worsening heartburn.
    • diarrhea.
    • rectal bleeding.
    • yellowing of your skin or eyes.
    • dark urine.
  • Bone and muscle problems: Sotret may affect bones, muscles, and ligaments and cause pain in your joints or muscles. Tell your doctor if you plan hard physical activity during treatment with Sotret. Tell your doctor if you get:
    • back pain.
    • joint pain.
    • broken bone. Tell all healthcare providers that you take Sotret if you break a bone.

    Stop Sotret and call your doctor right away if you have muscle weakness. Muscle weakness with or without pain can be a sign of serious muscle damage.

    Sotret may stop long bone growth in teenagers who are still growing.

  • Hearing problems: Stop using Sotret and call your doctor if your hearing gets worse or if you have ringing in your ears. Your hearing loss may be permanent.
  • Vision problems: Sotret may affect your ability to see in the dark. This condition usually clears up after you stop taking Sotret, but it may be permanent. Other serious eye effects can occur. Stop taking Sotret and call your doctor right away if you have any problems with your vision or dryness of the eyes that is painful or constant. If you wear contact lenses, you may have trouble wearing them while taking Sotret and after treatment.
  • Lipid (fats and cholesterol in blood) problems: Sotret can raise the level of fats and cholesterol in your blood. This can be a serious problem. Return to your doctor for blood tests to check your lipids and to get any needed treatment. These problems usually go away when Sotret treatment is finished.
  • Serious allergic reactions: Stop taking Sotret and get emergency care right away if you develop hives, a swollen face or mouth or have trouble breathing. Stop taking Sotret and call your doctor if you get a fever, rash or red patches or bruises on your legs.
  • Blood sugar problems: Sotret may cause blood sugar problems including diabetes. Tell your doctor if you are very thirsty or urinate a lot.
  • Decreased red and white blood cells: Call your doctor if you have trouble breathing, faint or feel weak.

After stopping Sotret, you may also need follow-up mental health care if you had any of these symptoms.

  • Do not take Sotret if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or become pregnant during Sotret treatment. Sotret causes severe birth defects.
  • Do not take Sotret if you are allergic to anything in it.

Inform MD

Tell your doctor if you have any of the following health conditions:

  • mental problems
  • asthma
  • liver disease
  • diabetes
  • heart disease
  • bone loss (osteoporosis) or weak bones
  • an eating problem called anorexia nervosa (where people eat too little)
  • food or medicine allergies

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Sotret must not be used by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Tell your doctor about all of the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Sotret and certain other medicines can interact with each other, sometimes causing serious side effects.

Sotret and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Sotret falls into category X. Sotret must not be taken by patients who are pregnant or who may become pregnant. There is a high risk that Sotret will cause birth defects (deformed babies), loss of a baby before birth (miscarriage), death of the baby and early (premature) births. See "Drug Precautions" section.

A program called iPLEDGE has been set up to make sure that pregnant women do not take Sotret and that women do not become pregnant while taking Sotret. All patients, including women who cannot become pregnant and men, can get Sotret only if they are registered with iPLEDGE, have a prescription from a doctor who is registered with iPLEDGE and fill the prescription at a pharmacy that is registered with iPLEDGE. Before prescribing Sotret, your doctor will:

  • explain the iPLEDGE program to you
  • have you sign the Patient Information/Informed Consent form (for all patients). Female patients who can get pregnant must also sign another consent form.

You will not be prescribed Sotret if you cannot agree to or follow all the instructions of the iPLEDGE program. Female patients must not get pregnant:

  • for 1 month before starting Sotret
  • while taking Sotret
  • for 1 month after stopping Sotret
 
If you get pregnant while taking Sotret, stop taking it right away and call your doctor. Doctors and patients should report all cases of pregnancy to:
  • FDA MedWatch at 1-800-FDA-1088, and
  • the iPLEDGE pregnancy registry at 1-866-495-0654

Sotret and Lactation

Do not breastfeed while taking Sotret and for one month after stopping Sotret. It is not known if Sotret is excreted in human breast milk or if it will harm your nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding before you receive Sotret.

Sotret Usage

Take Sotret exactly as prescribed. You must also follow all the instructions of the iPLEDGE program. Before prescribing Sotret, your doctor will:

  • explain the iPLEDGE program to you
  • have you sign the Patient Information/Informed Consent form (for all patients). Female patients who can get pregnant must also sign another consent form.

You will not be prescribed Sotret if you cannot agree to or follow all the instructions of the iPLEDGE program.

  • You will get no more than a 30 day supply of Sotret at a time. This is to make sure you are following the iPLEDGE program. You should talk with your doctor each month about side effects.
  • The amount of Sotret yoisu take has been specially chosen for you. It is based on your body weight, and may change during treatment.
  • Take Sotret 2 times a day with a meal, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Swallow your Sotret capsules whole with a full glass of liquid. Do not chew or suck on the capsule. Sotret can hurt the tube that connects your mouth to your stomach (esophagus) if it is not swallowed whole.
  • If you miss a dose, just skip that dose. Do not take two doses at the same time.
  • If you take too much Sotret or overdose, call your doctor or poison control center right away.
  • Your acne may get worse when you first start taking Sotret. This should last only a short while. Talk with your doctor if this is a problem for you.
  • You must return to your doctor as directed to make sure you don’t have signs of serious side effects. Your doctor may do blood tests to check for serious side effects from Sotret. Female patients who can get pregnant will get a pregnancy test each month.
  • Female patients who can get pregnant must agree to use two separate forms of effective birth control at the same time one month before, while taking and for one month after taking Sotret. You must access the iPLEDGE system to answer questions about the program requirements and to enter your two chosen forms of birth control. To access the iPLEDGE system, go to www.ipledgeprogram.com or call 1-866-495-0654.

You must talk about effective birth control methods with your doctor or go for a free visit to talk about birth control with another doctor or family planning expert. Your doctor can arrange this free visit, which will be paid for by the company that makes Sotret.

If you have sex at any time without using two forms of effective birth control, get pregnant or miss your expected period, stop using Sotret and call your doctor right away.

What you should avoid while taking Sotret:

  • Do not get pregnant while taking Sotret and for one month after stopping Sotret. See “Sotret Precautions" section.
  • Do not breastfeed while taking Sotret and for one month after stopping Sotret. It is not known if Sotret can pass through your milk and harm the baby.
  • Do not give blood while you take Sotret and for one month after stopping Sotret. If someone who is pregnant gets your donated blood, her baby may be exposed to Sotret and may be born with birth defects.
  • Do not take other medicines or herbal products with Sotret unless you talk to your doctor.
  • Do not drive at night until you know if Sotret has affected your vision. Sotret may decrease your ability to see in the dark.
  • Do not have cosmetic procedures to smooth your skin, including waxing, dermabrasion, or laser procedures, while you are using Sotret and for at least 6 months after you stop. Sotret can increase your chance of scarring from these procedures. Check with your doctor for advice about when you can have cosmetic procedures.
  • Avoid sunlight and ultraviolet lights as much as possible. Tanning machines use ultraviolet lights. Sotret may make your skin more sensitive to light.
  • Do not share Sotret with other people. It can cause birth defects and other serious health problems.

Sotret Dosage

Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The dose your doctor recommends may be based on your weight.

The recommended dosage range for Sotret (isotretinoin) is 0.5 to 1 mg/kg/day given in two divided doses.

Some patients may require dose adjustments up to 2 mg/kg/day.

Sotret Overdose

If you take too much this medication, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

If this medication is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.

Other Requirements

  • Store at 68 - 77° F (20 - 25° C)
  • Protect from light.
  • Keep Sotret and all medicines out of the reach of children.

Sotret FDA Warning

CONTRAINDICATIONS AND WARNINGS

Sotret must not be used by female patients who are or may become pregnant. There is an extremely high risk that severe birth defects will result if pregnancy occurs while taking Sotret capsules in any amount, even for short periods of time. Potentially any fetus exposed during pregnancy can be affected. There are no accurate means of determining whether an exposed fetus has been affected.

Birth defects which have been documented following Sotret exposure include abnormalities of the face, eyes, ears, skull, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, and thymus and parathyroid glands. Cases of IQ scores less than 85 with or without other abnormalities have been reported. There is an increased risk of spontaneous abortion, and premature births have been reported.

Documented external abnormalities include: skull abnormality; ear abnormalities (including anotia, micropinna, small or absent external auditory canals); eye abnormalities (including microphthalmia); facial dysmorphia; cleft palate. Documented internal abnormalities include: CNS abnormalities (including cerebral abnormalities, cerebellar malformation, hydrocephalus, microcephaly, cranial nerve deficit); cardiovascular abnormalities; thymus gland abnormality; parathyroid hormone deficiency. In some cases death has occurred with certain of the abnormalities previously noted.

If pregnancy does occur during treatment of a female patient who is taking Sotret capsules, Sotret capsules must be discontinued immediately and she should be referred to an Obstetrician-Gynecologist experienced in reproductive toxicity for further evaluation and counseling.

Special Prescribing Requirements

Because of Sotret’s teratogenicity and to minimize fetal exposure, Sotret is approved for marketing only under a special restricted distribution program approved by the Food and DrugAdministration. This program is called iPLEDGE™. Sotret must only be prescribed by prescribers who are registered and activated with the iPLEDGE program. Sotret capsules must only be dispensed by a pharmacy registered and activated with iPLEDGE, and must only be dispensed to patients who are registered and meet all the requirements of iPLEDGE.