Rilonacept

Rilonacept treats certain rare genetic auto-inflammatory diseases. Most injection site reactions last one to two days.

Rilonacept Overview

Updated: 

Rilonacept is a prescription medication used to treat Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS). This includes conditions known as Familial Cold Auto-Inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) and Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS).

Rilonacept belongs to a group of drugs called interleukin-1 blockers. These work by blocking the activity of interleukin, a protein in the body, that is responsible for inflammation.

This medication is available in an injectable form to be given directly under the skin (subcutaneously) by a healthcare provider.

Common side effects of rilonacept include upper respiratory infections and injection site reactions.

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Rilonacept Cautionary Labels

precautions

Uses of Rilonacept

Rilonacept is a prescription medication used to treat rare genetic auto-inflammatory diseases known as Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS) in adults and children 12 and older. These include:

  • Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) 
  • Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS)

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Rilonacept Brand Names

Rilonacept may be found in some form under the following brand names:

Rilonacept Drug Class

Rilonacept is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Rilonacept

Serious side effects have been reported with rilonacept. See the "Drug Precautions" section.

Common side effects of rilonacept include the following:

  • Upper respiratory tract infections (such as a sinus infection)
  • Cough
  • Injection site reactions (redness, swelling, itching, or pain, typically lasting one to two days)

This is not a complete list of rilonacept side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Rilonacept Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • other medicines that block tumor necrosis factor (TNF) such as Cimzia (certolizumab), Enbrel (etanercept), Humira (adalimumab), Remicade (infliximab), or Simponi (golimumab)
  • other medicines that block Interleukin-1 (IL-1), such as Kineret (anakinra) or Ilaris (canakinumab)
  • medications that are eliminated through the enzyme CYP450 such as warfarin (Coumadin)
  • corticosteroids such as prednisone

This is not a complete list of rilonacept drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Rilonacept Precautions

Serious side effects have been reported with rilonacept including the following:

Infections. Rilonacept can lower your immune system's ability to fight infections. Taking this medication may increase your risk of getting infections, including serious infections that are life-threatening, or may worsen infections that you already have. Tell your doctor immediately about any signs of an infection, including the following:

  • fever
  • cough
  • flu-like symptoms
  • open sores on your body

Malignancies. Because taking rilonacept can lower your immune system's ability to work properly, you may be at an increased risk of developing cancer while taking this medication.

Decreased response to vaccines. Vaccines may not work as well when you are taking rilonacept. It is recommended that you receive all recommended vaccinations before starting rilonacept, including flu and pneumonia vaccines. Talk to your doctor about which vaccines you should receive before starting treatment with rilonacept.

Lipid profile changes. Rilonacept can cause changes in your lipid panel, which includes cholesterol and triglycerides (a type of fat found in your blood). Your doctor perform blood tests to monitor for these changes.

Hypersensitivity. Serious allergic reactions have occurred with rilonacept. Tell your healthcare provider about any signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity, which include the following:

  • chest pain
  • swelling of the face, eyes, lips, tongue, arms, or legs
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • rash

Do not take rilonacept if you are allergic to rilonacept or to any of its ingredients.

Rilonacept Food Interactions

Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of rilonacept, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.

Inform MD

Before taking rilonacept, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:

  • are allergic to rilonacept or to any of its ingredients
  • think you might have an infection
  • are being treated for an infection
  • have signs of an infection such as fever, cough, or flu-like symptoms
  • have any open sores on your body
  • have a history of infections that keep coming back
  • have asthma
  • have diabetes
  • have a problem with your immune system
  • have tuberculosis (TB) or have been in close contact with someone who has had tuberculosis
  • have or have had HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C
  • take any other medications that affect your immune system
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Rilonacept and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Rilonacept falls into category C. Based on animal data, this medication may cause harm to your unborn baby. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans. Rilonacept should be used during pregnancy only if the possible benefit outweighs the possible risk to the unborn baby.

Rilonacept and Lactation

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

It is not known if rilonacept crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using rilonacept. 

Rilonacept Usage

Take rilonacept exactly as prescribed.

This medication is available in an injectable form to be given directly under the skin (subcutaneously) once weekly.

Follow your doctor's instructions on how to prepare and administer rilonacept.

Your healthcare provider will tell and show you or your caregiver:

  • how much rilonacept to inject
  • how to prepare your dose
  • how to give the injection

Do not try to give rilonacept injections until you are sure that you or your caregiver understands how to prepare and inject your dose. Call your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any questions about preparing and injecting your dose, or if you or your caregiver would like more training.

If you miss a dose, inject it at soon as your remember, up to the day before your next scheduled dose. The next dose should be taken at the next regularly scheduled time. Contact your healthcare provider if you have any questions about taking missed doses.

Rilonacept Dosage

Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The dose your doctor recommends will depend on your age.

The recommended loading dose for patients 18 years or older is 320 mg (given as 2 different injections on the same day), followed by one injection of 160 mg once weekly.

The recommended initial loading dose for patients age 12 to 17 years is one dose of 4.4 mg per kg body weight, up to a maximum of 320 mg (given as 1 or 2 injections depending on the dose). Dosing should be continued with one injection of 2.2 mg/kg, up to a maximum of 160 mg, once weekly.

Rilonacept Overdose

If you take too much rilonacept, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

If rilonacept is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.

Other Requirements

  • Store rilonacept in the refrigerator inside the original carton.
  • Rilonacept may be kept at room temperature after mixing.
  • Rilonacept should be used within 3 hours of mixing.
  • Keep this medication away from light.
  • If you need to take rilonacept with you when traveling, store the carton in a cool carrier with a cold pack and protect it from light.
  • Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.