Precose

Precose is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It slows the digestion of certain foods and prevents too much glucose from entering the blood stream after meals.

Precose Overview

Reviewed: September 17, 2013
Updated: 

Precose is a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes.

Precose belongs to a group of drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. These work by slowing the action of certain chemicals that digest food, which prevents glucose from being released into the blood stream too quickly after a meal.

This medication comes in tablet form and is taken three times a day, with the first bite of each main meal.

Common side effects of Precose include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flatulence.

In combination with other medications to treat diabetes, precose can also cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), which can cause blurred vision and dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how Precose affects you.

 

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  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

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Precose Cautionary Labels

precautionsprecautionsprecautionsprecautions

Uses of Precose

Precose is a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes along with diet and exercise.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Manufacturer

Precose Drug Class

Precose is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Precose

Serious side effects have been reported with Precose. See the “Precose Precautions” section.

Common side effects of Precose include the following:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Flatulence

This is not a complete list of Precose side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Precose Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • other medications for diabetes
  • digoxin (Lanoxin)
  • diuretics ('water pills')
  • estrogens
  • isoniazid
  • medications for high blood pressure or colds
  • oral contraceptives
  • pancreatic enzymes
  • phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • steroids
  • thyroid medications
  • vitamins

This is not a complete list of Precose drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Precose Precautions

Serious side effects have been reported with Precose including the following:

  • Hypoglycemia. When used in combination with other medications to treat type 2 diabetes, Precose can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have some or all of the following symptoms of hypoglycemia:
    • shakiness
    • dizziness or lightheadedness
    • sweating
    • nervousness or irritability
    • sudden changes in behavior or mood
    • headache
    • numbness or tingling around the mouth
    • weakness
    • pale skin
    • hunger or thirst
    • clumsy or jerky movements
    • confusion
    • weakness
    • blurred vision

Do not take Precose if you:

  • are allergic to Precose or to any of its ingredients
  • have diabetic ketoacidosis
  • have cirrhosis
  • have inflammatory bowel disease, colonic ulceration, or partial intestinal obstruction
  • have chronic intestinal diseases or disorders of digestion or absorption
  • have conditions that may deteriorate as a result of increased gas formation in the intestine

Precose Food Interactions

Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Precose, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.

Inform MD

Before taking Precose, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:

  • are allergic to Precose or to any of its ingredients
  • have kidney problems
  • have liver problems
  • have gastrointestinal problems
  • are pregnant or breastfeeding

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Precose and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Precose falls into category B.

There are no well-done studies that have been done in humans with Precose. In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication, and the babies did not show any medical issues related to this medication.

Precose and Lactation

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

It is not known if Precose crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using Precose.

Precose Usage

Take Precose exactly as prescribed.

Precose comes in tablet form and is taken three times daily, with the first bite of each main meal.

If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of Precose at the same time.

Precose Dosage

Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The dose your doctor recommends may be based on the following:

  • the condition being treated
  • other medical conditions you have
  • other medications you are taking
  • how you respond to this medication

The recommended starting dose of Precose for the treatment of type 2 diabetes is 25 mg three times daily. Dose increases should be individualized on the basis of effectiveness and tolerance. The maximum recommended dose of Precose is 100 mg three times daily.

Precose Overdose

If you take too much Precose, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

If Precose is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.

Other Requirements

  • Store Precose at room temperature.
  • Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children.