Pimecrolimus

Pimecrolimus treats mild to moderate eczema. Limit your time in the sun during treatment.

Pimecrolimus Overview

Reviewed: June 29, 2012
Updated: 

Pimecrolimus is a prescription medication used to treat eczema in adults and children at least 2 years of age. Pimecrolimus is in a class of drugs called topical calcineurin inhibitors. It works by reducing inflammation, which helps relieve symptoms of eczema.

This medication comes in the form of a cream to be applied to the affected area(s) twice daily for short periods. Treatment may be repeated. Pimecrolimus is used on the skin for short periods, and if needed, treatment may be repeated with breaks in between.
 
Common side effects include headache, stuffy nose, and a warm or burning feeling on the area of application.

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  • Dermatitis, Atopic

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Pimecrolimus Cautionary Labels

precautions

Uses of Pimecrolimus

Pimecrolimus is a prescription medication used to treat a skin condition called eczema (atopic dermatitis) in adults and children 2 years and older who do not have a weakened immune system. Pimecrolimus is for use after other prescription medicines have not worked, or if other prescription medicines can not be used.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses.  Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Pimecrolimus Brand Names

Pimecrolimus may be found in some form under the following brand names:

Pimecrolimus Drug Class

Pimecrolimus is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Pimecrolimus

Pimecrolimus may cause serious side effects. A very small number of people who have used pimecrolimus have gotten cancer (for example, skin cancer or lymphoma). But, a link that pimecrolimus caused these cancers has not been shown.

The most common side effect at the skin application site is burning or a feeling of warmth. These side effects are usually mild or moderate, happen during the first few days of treatment, and usually clear up in a few days. Call your doctor if the burning feeling is severe or lasts for more than 1 week.

Other side effects include headache, common cold or stuffy nose, sore throat, influenza, fever, viral infection, and cough. Some people may get viral skin infections (like cold sores, chicken pox, shingles, or warts) or swollen lymph nodes (glands).

Tell your doctor if you have a skin infection or if you have any side effect (for example, swollen glands) that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects with pimecrolimus. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Pimecrolimus Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you receive:

  • antifungal medications
  • calcium channel blockers
  • cimetidine (Tagamet)
  • clarithromycin (Biaxin)
  • cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune)
  • danazol (Danocrine)
  • delavirdine (Rescriptor)
  • erythromycin (E.E.S., E-Mycin, Erythrocin)
  • fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem)
  • fluvoxamine (Luvox)
  • HIV protease inhibitors
  • isoniazid (INH, Nydrazid)
  • metronidazole (Flagyl)
  • nefazodone
  • oral contraceptives (birth control pills)
  • other ointments, creams, or lotions
  • troleandomycin (TAO)
  • zafirlukast (Accolate)

This is not a complete list of pimecrolimus drug interactions. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

 

Pimecrolimus Precautions

It is not known if pimecrolimus is safe to use for a long period of time. A very small number of people who have used pimecrolimus have gotten cancer (for example, skin cancer or lymphoma). But a link that pimecrolimus use caused these cancers has not been shown. Because of this concern:

  • Do not use pimecrolimus continuously - for a long time.
  • Use only on areas of your skin that have eczema.
  • Do not use this medication on a child under 2 years old.

Do not use pimecrolimus if you are allergic to anything in it.

Pimecrolimus Food Interactions

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with pimecrolimus and lead to potentially dangerous effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.

Inform MD

Before you start using pimecrolimus, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have a skin disease called Netherton’s syndrome (a rare inherited condition)
  • have any infection on your skin including chicken pox or herpes
  • have been told you have a weakened immune system 
  • are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. 

Pimecrolimus and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Pimecrolimus falls into category C. In animal studies, pimecrolimus did not cause any problems when it was applied topically on the skin of pregnant animals. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans. Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn child.

 

Pimecrolimus and Lactation

It is not known if pimecrolimus crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using pimecrolimus.

 

Pimecrolimus Usage

Use pimecrolimus exactly as prescribed. 

  • Use pimecrolimus only on areas of your skin that have eczema. 
  • Use pimecrolimus for short periods, and if needed, treatment may be repeated with breaks in between.
  • Stop pimecrolimus when the signs and symptoms of eczema, such as itching, rash, and redness go away, or as directed by your doctor.
  • Follow your doctor’s advice if symptoms of eczema return after a treatment with pimecrolimus.
  • Call your doctor if:
    • your symptoms get worse with pimecrolimus
    • you get an infection on your skin
    • your symptoms do not improve after 6 weeks of treatment. Sometimes other skin diseases can look like eczema.

To apply this medication:

Read and carefully follow the directions below.

  • Wash your hands before using pimecrolimus. If you apply pimecrolimus after a bath or shower, make sure your skin is dry.
  • Apply a thin layer of pimecrolimus only to the affected skin areas, two times each day, as directed by your doctor.
  • Use the smallest amount of pimecrolimus needed to control the signs and symptoms of eczema.
  • If you apply pimecrolimus to another person, or if you have eczema and are not treating your hands, it is important for you to wash your hands with soap and water after applying pimecrolimus. This should remove any cream left on your hands.
  • Do not bathe, shower or swim right after applying pimecrolimus. This could wash off the cream.
  • You can use moisturizers with pimecrolimus. Make sure you check with your doctor first about the products that are right for you. People with eczema can have very dry skin, so it is important to keep up good skin care practices. If you use moisturizers, apply them after this medication.

What to avoid while using pimecrolimus:

  • You should not use sun lamps, tanning beds, or get treatment with ultraviolet light therapy during treatment with pimecrolimus.
  • Limit your time in the sun during treatment with pimecrolimus even when the medicine is not on your skin. If you need to be outdoors after applying pimecrolimus, wear loose fitting clothing that protects the treated area from the sun. Ask your doctor what other types of protection from the sun you should use. It is not known how pimecrolimus may affect your skin with exposure to ultraviolet light.
  • Do not cover the skin being treated with bandages, dressings or wraps. You can wear normal clothing.
  • Pimecrolimus is for use on the skin only. Do not get this medication in your eyes, nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum (mucous membranes). If you get it in any of these areas, burning or irritation can happen. Wipe off any medication from the affected area and then rinse the area well with cold water.
  • Do not swallow pimecrolimus. If you do, call your doctor.
  • Avoid using pimecrolimus on skin areas that have cancers or pre-cancers.

Pimecrolimus Dosage

Use pimecrolimus exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

Pimecrolimus is usually applied in a thin layer to the affected skin twice daily.

Pimecrolimus Overdose

If you use too much pimecrolimus, contact your local Poison Control Center or seek emergency medical attention right away.

Other Requirements

  • Store pimecrolimus at room temperature between 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C).
  • Keep pimecrolimus and all medicines out of the reach of children.

 

Pimecrolimus FDA Warning

WARNING

Long-term Safety of Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors Has Not Been Established

Although a causal relationship has not been established, rare cases of malignancy (e.g., skin and lymphoma) have been reported in patients treated with topical calcineurin inhibitors, including pimecrolimus.

Therefore:

  • Continuous long-term use of topical calcineurin inhibitors, including pimecrolimus, in any age group should be avoided, and application limited to areas of involvement with atopic dermatitis.
  • Pimecrolimus is not indicated for use in children less than 2 years of age.