Pepcid

Pepcid decreases the amount of acid made in the stomach. Take 15 to 60 minutes before eating foods or drinking beverages that may cause heartburn.

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Pepcid Overview

Updated: 

Pepcid is both an over-the-counter and a prescription medication used to treat conditions of the stomach, esophagus, and intestines. The over-the-counter form is used to treat and prevent heartburn, acid indigestion, and sour or upset stomach. The prescription form is used to treat ulcers, GERD, erosive esophagitis, and other conditions.

Pepcid comes as a tablet and a suspension (liquid) to be taken by mouth. It is usually taken once daily at bedtime or 1 to 4 times a day. Take 15 to 60 minutes before eating foods or drinking beverages that may cause heartburn.

Common side effects of Pepcid include headache, constipation, and diarrhea. Pepcid can also cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how this medication will affect you.

Patient Ratings for Pepcid

How was your experience with Pepcid?

First, a little about yourself

Tell us about yourself in a few words?

What tips would you provide a friend before taking Pepcid?

What are you taking Pepcid for?

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  • Other
  • Duodenal Ulcer
  • Dyspepsia
  • Esophagitis, Peptic
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
  • Heartburn
  • Helicobacter Infections
  • Stomach Ulcer
  • Urticaria
  • Zollinger-ellison Syndrome

How long have you been taking it?

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  • Less than a week
  • A couple weeks
  • A month or so
  • A few months
  • A year or so
  • Two years or more

How well did Pepcid work for you?

Did you experience many side effects while taking this drug?

How likely would you be to recommend Pepcid to a friend?

Pepcid Cautionary Labels

precautions

Uses of Pepcid

Pepcid is a medication used to treat conditions of the stomach, esophagus, and intestines.

The over-the-counter form is used to treat and prevent heartburn, acid indigestion, and sour or upset stomach.

The prescription form is used to treat ulcers, GERD, erosive esophagitis, and other conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome and gland tumors.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Manufacturer

Pepcid Drug Class

Pepcid is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Pepcid

Common side effects of Pepcid include:

  • headache
  • dizziness
  • constipation
  • diarrhea

This is not a complete list of Pepcid side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Pepcid Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

No specific drug interactions with Pepcid have been identified.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Pepcid Precautions

Pepcid can cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how this medication will affect you.

Pepcid liquid for injection has the preservative benzyl alcohol which can cause serious reactions in newborn children. This should not be used in newborns or in pregnant women unless in a single-dose vial.

Do not take Pepcid if you:

Pepcid Food Interactions

Medicines can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Pepcid there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet.

 

Inform MD

Before taking Pepcid, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions.

Especially tell your doctor if you have or have had moderate to severely poor kidney function.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Pepcid and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Pepcid falls into category B. Studies in animals have failed to demonstrate a risk to the unborn baby and there are no well-controlled studies in pregnant women.

Pepcid and Lactation

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

You should not take Pepcid if you are breastfeeding. It may be excreted in your breast milk and may harm your nursing child.

Pepcid Usage

Take Pepcid exactly as prescribed.

Pepcid comes as a tablet that is usually taken by mouth 1 to 4 times daily, with or without food. Most conditions improve within 4 to 8 weeks and so the medication may be stopped at that time.

The suspension form should be shaken well before each use and unused liquid should be thrown away after 30 days.

If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of Pepcid at the same time.

Pepcid Dosage

Take Pepcid exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

Most ulcers will heal within 4-8 weeks and Pepcid treatment can be stopped. For patients with severe cases this may be extended up to 12 weeks.

In some cases a maintenance dose of 20 mg once a day at bedtime may be prescribed to prevent ulcers from coming back.

Reduced dosages may be required in younger patients or in those with moderate to severe kidney disease.

For active peptic or gastric ulcers (ulcers in the small intestine or stomach):

  • A typical starting dose is 40 mg once a day at bedtime.
  • This can be split into 20 mg twice a day.
  • Maintenance therapy of healed ulcers is typically 20 mg once daily at bedtime.

For reflux disease (GERD):

  • A typical starting dose is 20 mg twice a day for up to 6 weeks.
  • This may be increased to a maximum of 40 mg twice a day for up to 12 weeks depending on the severity of the condition.

For hypersecretory (extremely high amount of excretion) diseases such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome:

  • Typical starting dose is 20 mg every 6 hours.
  • Dosing may vary according to the individual. Doses of up to 160 mg every 6 hours have been given to some patients with severe Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome.

Pepcid Overdose

If you take too much Pepcid, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

 

Other Requirements

  • Store Pepcid tablets at room temperature and protect from light.
  • Store Pepcid dry powder and liquid suspension at room temperature.
  • Pepcid powder for suspension should be mixed with the amount of water specified on the package. Shake the liquid suspension well before each use and discard unused suspension after 30 days.
  • Store Pepcid liquid for injection in a refrigerator.
  • Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children.