Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic and treats infection. Finish taking all of your medication. Even if you feel better, do not stop taking medication unless your doctor tells you to stop.
Nitro Macro Overview
Nitrofurantoin is a prescription medication used to treat urinary tract infections. Nitrofurantoin belongs to a group of drugs called nitrofuran antiobiotics. These agents work by stopping the growth of bacteria.
This medication comes as a capsule and a liquid. It is taken 2 to 4 times a day with food.
Common side effects of nitrofurantoin include diarrhea, stomach upset, dizziness, and drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how nitrofurantoin affects you.
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Uses of Nitro Macro
Nitrofurantoin is a prescription medication used to treat urinary tract infections.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Side Effects of Nitro Macro
Serious side effects have been reported with nitrofurantoin. See "Precautions" section.
Common side effects of nitrofurantoin include the following:
- upset stomach
This is not a complete list of nitrofurantoin side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Nitro Macro Interactions
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- Antacids containing magnesium such as aluminum hydroxide or magnesium hydroxide (Mylanta)
- Uricosuric drugs such as probenecid (Benemid)
This is not a complete list of nitrofurantoin drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Nitro Macro Precautions
Serious side effects have been reported with nitrofurantoin including the following:
- Lung problems (pulmonary hypersensitivity reactions). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have some or all of the following symptoms:
- Liver problems
- Peripheral neuropathy (nerve problems)
- Clostridium difficile- associated diarrhea
Nitrofurantoin can cause drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how nitrofurantoin affects you.
Do not take nitrofurantoin if you:
- are known hypersensitivity/allergy to nitrofurantoin or to any of its ingredients
- significant impairment of renal function
- pregnant patients at term (38-42 weeks gestation) as well as during labor and delivery
- in patients with a previous history of cholestatic jaundice/hepatic dysfunction associated with nitrofurantoin
Nitro Macro Food Interactions
Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of nitrofurantoin, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.
Before taking nitrofurantoin, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:
- are allergic to nitrofurantoin or to any of its ingredients
- have a previous history of cholestatic jaundice/hepatic dysfunction associated with nitrofurantoin
- have kidney problems
- lung disease
- nerve damage
- glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency (an inherited blood disease)
- if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Nitro Macro and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.
Nitrofurantoin falls into category B. There are no well-done studies that have been done in humans with nitrofurantoin. In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication, and the babies did not show any medical issues related to this medication.
Nitro Macro and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
Nitrofurantoin has been detected in human breast milk. Because of the possibility for adverse reactions in nursing infants from nitrofurantoin, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or to stop use of this medication. The importance of the drug to the mother should be considered.
Nitro Macro Usage
Take nitrofurantoin exactly as prescribed.
Nitrofurantoin is available in a capsule and oral suspension can be given two or four times a day.
It is recommended to take nitrofurantoin with food.
Patients should be instructed to complete the full course of therapy; however, they should be advised to contact their physician if any unusual symptoms occur during therapy.
- Shake the liquid well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Use a dose-measuring spoon or cup to measure the correct amount of liquid for each dose; not a household spoon.
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of nitrofurantoin at the same time.
Nitro Macro Dosage
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
The dose your doctor recommends may be based on the following:
- the condition being treated
- other medical conditions you have
- other medications you are taking
- how you respond to this medication
- your weight
- your height
- your age
- your gender
Nitro Macro Overdose
If you take too much nitrofurantoin, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
- Store nitrofurantoin at controlled room temperature (59° to 86°F or 15° to 30°C).
- Keep away from heat and sunlight.
- Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children.