Kids of Gays Score an 'A'

Children of gays exhibit better social, academic adjustment

/ Author:  / Reviewed by: Joseph V. Madia, MD

New research on the children of gays shows that they are not only psychologically healthy, but exhibit better social and academic adjustment and lower incidence of social problems.

A new article published in the journal Family Process critically examines this research, and how it impacts LGBTQ families.

According to Family Therapist and Social Work professor, Arlene Istar Lev these excellent outcomes might be masking another sort of bias. Lev has been working with LGBTQ families for nearly three decades, and suggests that "The underlying assumption of research on LGBTQ families has been premised on the idea that the children of gay and lesbian people will have unique challenges because of their parent's sexual orientation. LGBTQ people have had to establish that they are good parents by raising children who are heterosexual and gender-normative, i.e., not like them."

Lev says, "There is an assumption that the optimal outcome is to produce heterosexual children. I am questioning the heterosexism that pressures LGBTQ parents to prove their success as parents by producing heterosexual (read: normal) children. The research, steeped in heterosexist and heteronormative beliefs, assumes that if the children of LGBTQ people are gay or transgender themselves, it is a problem, a 'failure'-revealing the ongoing bias against LGBTQ people."

Although most children of LGBTQ parents are heterosexual, some are not – just like the children of heterosexual parents. Lev suggests that social pressure to raise heterosexual and gender typical children can put stress on LGBTQ families and oddly enough make it harder for gay kids with gay parents to get the support they need. Lev says, "Gay parents (just like heterosexual parents) may struggle with having gay or transgender children, in a part because they identify with the obstacles their children will face, and in part because of the societal pressure they feel to raise "normal" (read: straight) children. Lev suggests that LGBTQ parents, as a minority that have been oppressed and marginalized, have a unique ability to accept and nurture their children's emerging selves, if they see their own identity as an advantage, instead of something to be overcome. Lev says, "If it is okay to be gay than it has to be okay for the children of gay people to gay also."

Being reared in LGBTQ families creates certain "differences," for example same-sex parented families have unique social dynamics because there are two moms and two dads, and because the families are commonly formed differently than most heterosexual families (donor insemination, adoption, surrogacy). Lev encourages researchers, family therapists, and society in general to celebrate the unique qualities that gay and lesbian, bisexual and transgender parents bring to child-rearing. Instead of pressuring gay parents to be "just like" straight parents, why not acknowledge and honour the differences? Lev quips, "We need to stop saying that being LGBTQ has no influence on children's identities; of course, it does. Maybe whatever it is that we are doing 'differently' is the reason our children are doing so well."

This study is published in the September 2010 issue of the Family Process. Members of the media may request a full-text version of this article by contacting scholarlynews@wiley.com.

To view an abstract of this article please visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2010.01323.x/abstract.

Article: "How Queer!—The Development of Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in LGBTQ-Headed Families." Arlene Lev. Family Process; Published Online: September 10, 2010 (DOI: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2010.01323.x).

Arlene Istar Lev, LCSW-R, CASAC is a Professor at the SUNY Albany school of Social Welfare and a private practitioner at Choices Counseling and Consulting, as well as Clinical Director at the Institute for Gender, Relationships, Identity, and Sexuality. She can be reached for questions at Arlene.Lev@gmail.com.

About the Journal: Family Process is an international, multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal committed to publishing original articles, including theory and practice, philosophical underpinnings, qualitative and quantitative clinical research, and training in couple and family therapy, family interaction, and family relationships with networks and larger systems.

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Reviewed by: 
Review Date: 
September 28, 2010