Juxtapid

Juxtapid lowers cholesterol. Do not drink grapefruit juice or more than one alcoholic beverage a day while taking Juxtapid.

Juxtapid Overview

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Juxtapid is a prescription medication used to treat high cholesterol in adults with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFA), a rare inherited disorder in which the body is unable to remove low-density lipoprotein (LDL) "bad" cholesterol from the blood.

Juxtapid belongs to a group of drugs called microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitors, which help lower cholesterol levels.

This medication comes in capsule form and is taken once a day, at least 2 hours after an evening meal, with water.

Common side effects of Juxtapid include diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.  Do not drink grapefruit juice or more than one alcoholic beverage a day while taking Juxtapid.

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Juxtapid Cautionary Labels

precautionsprecautionsprecautionsprecautionsprecautions

Uses of Juxtapid

Juxtapid is a prescription medication used with diet and other treatments, in people with a rare inherited disorder in which the body is unable to remove low-density lipoprotein (LDL) "bad" cholesterol from the blood, called homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFA).

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Manufacturer

Juxtapid Drug Class

Juxtapid is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Juxtapid

Juxtapid can cause serious side effects, including:

  • liver problems. See “Drug Precautions”..
  • harm to your unborn baby. See “Drug Precautions".
  • gastrointestinal symptoms. Diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, and stomach pain/discomfort are very common with Juxtapid. Strictly following a low-fat diet may help lower the chance of having these symptoms.
  • problems absorbing certain nutrients. Juxtapid may decrease your ability to absorb fat-soluble nutrients such as Vitamin E and fatty acids. You should take supplements each day that contain fat-soluble vitamins. People with bowel or pancreas problems may have an increased chance of not being able to absorb these nutrients.
  • increased levels of certain blood thinners. Juxtapid can increase the level of the blood thinner, warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven). If you take warfarin, your doctor should check your blood clotting times frequently, especially after your dose of Juxtapid changes.
  • liver problems caused by certain drugs. Certain medicines can cause liver problems, including isotretinoin, acetaminophen, methotrexate, tetracyclines, and tamoxifen. If you take these medicines with Juxtapid your doctor may do blood tests more often to check your liver.

The most common side effects of Juxtapid include:

  • diarrhea (loose stool)
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • stomach cramping or pain
  • indigestion
  • gas

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Juxtapid. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Juxtapid Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Before starting a new medicine while taking Juxtapid, even if you will only be taking it for a short time, ask your doctor or pharmacist if it is safe to take with Juxtapid.

Juxtapid may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how Juxtapid works.

Certain medicines can affect how your liver breaks down other medicines.

Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • a blood thinner called warfarin
  • medicines for high cholesterol, including statins such as atorvastatin or simvastatin, and resins such as colesevelam or cholestyramine
  • medicines for bacteria, fungus, or viral infection (including HIV and hepatitis C)
  • medicines for depression, high blood pressure, or angina
  • birth control pills

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

Juxtapid Precautions

Juxtapid is available only through certified pharmacies that are enrolled in the Juxtapid REMS Program.

Your doctor must be enrolled in the program in order for you to be prescribed Juxtapid.

There is a registry that collects information about the effects of taking Juxtapid  over time. Ask your doctor for more information about this registry.

Juxtapid may cause serious side effects including:

Liver problems. Juxtapid can cause liver problems. Your doctor should do blood tests to check your liver before you start Juxtapid, if your dose is increased, and while you take Juxtapid . If your tests show some liver problems, your doctor may adjust your dose of Juxtapid or stop it altogether.

  • Tell your doctor if you have had liver problems, including liver problems while taking other medicines.
  • Juxtapid may cause nausea, vomiting and stomach pain, especially if you do not eat a low-fat diet.

These side effects can also be symptoms of liver problems. Tell your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms of liver problems while taking Juxtapid:

  • nausea, vomiting or stomach pain that gets worse, does not go away, or changes
  • fever
  • yellowing of your eyes or skin
  • you are more tired than usual
  • flu-like symptoms

Drinking alcohol may increase your chance of having liver problems or make your liver problems worse.

You should not have more than 1 alcoholic drink each day while taking Juxtapid.

Harm to your unborn baby. Juxtapid may cause harm to your unborn baby.

  • If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant, do not take Juxtapid.
  • If you are a female who can get pregnant, you should have a pregnancy test before you start taking Juxtapid. Your pregnancy test must be negative for you to get Juxtapid.
  • Do not have sex while taking Juxtapid unless you are using effective birth control.
  • Talk with your doctor or nurse to find the best method of birth control for you.
  • Birth control pills may not work as well if you have diarrhea or vomiting.
  • If you start taking birth control pills while you are taking Juxtapid, tell your doctor. Your doctor might need to change your dose of Juxtapid.
  • If you become pregnant while taking Juxtapid, stop taking Juxtapid and call your doctor right away.

Do not take Juxtapid if you:

  • are pregnant, think you may be pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant. See “Drug Precautions” and "Pregnant" sections.
  • take medicines that affect how the body breaks down Juxtapid (that is, strong or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors). Check with your doctor and/or pharmacist to see if you are taking any of these medications. These may include certain medications intended to treat bacterial, fungal or viral infections, and medications to treat depression, high blood pressure, or angina.
  • drink grapefruit juice
  • have moderate or severe liver problems or active liver disease, including people who have unexplained abnormal liver tests.

Juxtapid Food Interactions

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with Juxtapid and lead to potentially dangerous effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.

Inform MD

Before you take Juxtapid, tell your doctor if you:

  • have liver problems
  • have kidney problems
  • have intestine or bowel problems
  • drink alcohol
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Juxtapid passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take Juxtapid or breastfeed. You should not do both.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Juxtapid and Pregnancy

Juxtapid may cause harm to your unborn baby.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Juxtapid falls into category X. Category X medicines should never be used by pregnant women.

  • If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant, do not take Juxtapid.
  • If you are a female who can get pregnant, you should have a pregnancy test before you start taking Juxtapid. Your pregnancy test must be negative for you to get Juxtapid.
  • Do not have sex while taking Juxtapid unless you are using effective birth control.
  • Talk with your doctor or nurse to find the best method of birth control for you.
  • Birth control pills may not work as well if you have diarrhea or vomiting.
  • If you start taking birth control pills while you are taking Juxtapid, tell your doctor. Your doctor might need to change your dose of Juxtapid.
  • If you become pregnant while taking Juxtapid, stop taking Juxtapid and call your doctor right away.

Juxtapid and Lactation

It is not known if Juxtapid crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using Juxtapid.

 

Juxtapid Usage

  • Take Juxtapid exactly as your doctor tells you to take it.
  • Your doctor will tell you how much Juxtapid to take and when to take it.
  • Your doctor may change your dose of Juxtapid if needed.
  • Do not change your Juxtapid dose yourself.
  • Take Juxtapid 1 time each day at least 2 hours after your evening meal.
  • Take Juxtapid with water.
  • You should not take Juxtapid with food. Taking Juxtapid with food may cause stomach problems.
  • Take Juxtapid capsules whole. Do not open, crush, dissolve, or chew capsules before swallowing. If you cannot swallow Juxtapid capsules whole, tell your doctor. You may need a different medicine.
  • If you take a medicine that lowers cholesterol by binding bile acids, such as colesevelam or cholestyramine, take it at least 4 hours before or 4 hours after you take Juxtapid. Ask your doctor if you are not sure if you take these medicines.
  • To help lower the chance of stomach problems, stay on a low-fat diet. Ask your doctor about talking to a dietician to learn what you should eat while taking Juxtapid. Juxtapid makes it harder for some nutrients to get into your body. Take Vitamin E and fatty acids each day while you take Juxtapid. Ask your doctor, nurse, or dietician how to add them to your diet.
  • If you take too much Juxtapid , call your doctor right away.
  • Do not stop Juxtapid unless your doctor tells you to stop it.
  • If you miss a dose of Juxtapid, take your usual dose the next day at the usual time. If you stop taking Juxtapid for more than a week, talk to your doctor before restarting treatment.

Juxtapid Dosage

The recommended starting dosage of Juxtapid is 5 mg once daily, and it should be gradually increased based on how well your body tolerates it. Before your dose is increased, your doctor will order blood tests to check your liver. If you have liver problems, kidney disease, or if you are taking certain other medicines, you may need a dose adjustment.

The maintenance dosage of Juxtapid is different for everyone, taking into account goal of therapy and response to treatment. The maximum daily Juxtapid dose is 60 mg.

Juxtapid Overdose

If you take too much Juxtapid, call your doctor or seek emergency medical attention right away.

Other Requirements

  • Store Juxtapid at room temperature, between 68°F and 77°F (20°C and 25°C).
  • Keep Juxtapid in a tightly closed container.
  • Keep Juxtapid capsules dry.
  • Safely throw away medicine that is out of date or no longer needed.

Keep Juxtapid and all medicines out of the reach of children.

Juxtapid FDA Warning

WARNING: RISK OF HEPATOTOXICITY
Juxtapid can cause elevations in transaminases. In the Juxtapid clinical trial, 10 (34%) of the 29 patients treated with Juxtapid had at least one elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≥3x upper limit of normal (ULN). There were no concomitant clinically meaningful elevations of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio (INR), or alkaline phosphatase.


Juxtapid also increases hepatic fat, with or without concomitant increases in transaminases. The median absolute increase in hepatic fat was 6% after both 26 and 78 weeks of treatment, from 1% at baseline, measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Hepatic steatosis associated with Juxtapid treatment may be a risk factor for progressive liver disease, including steatohepatitis and cirrhosis.

Measure ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin before initiating treatment and then ALT and AST regularly as recommended. During treatment, adjust the dose of Juxtapid if the ALT or AST are ≥3x ULN. Discontinue Juxtapid for clinically significant liver toxicity.

Because of the risk of hepatotoxicity, Juxtapid is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) called the Juxtapid REMS Program.