Isoptin

Verapamil treat high blood pressure and controls chest pain. Verapamil can cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how verapamil affects you.

Isoptin Overview

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Verapamil is a prescription medication used to treat chest pain, an irregular heartbeat, and high blood pressure. The extended- and sustained-release forms are used to treat high blood pressure. Verapamil belongs to a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers, which work by relaxing the blood vessels, making it easier for the heart to pump blood.

Verapamil comes in an immediate release tablet form and is taken 3 to 4 times a day, with or without food. The extended-release tablet and capsule forms are usually taken once day with or without food. The sustained-release tablet form is usually taken once or twice a day with food.

This medication is available in an injectable form to be given directly into a vein (IV) by a healthcare professional.

Common side effects of verapamil include constipation, nausea, low blood pressure, and headache. This medication can also cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how verapamil affects you.

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  • Other
  • Angina Pectoris, Variant
  • Hypertension
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Tachycardia, Supraventricular

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Isoptin Cautionary Labels

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Uses of Isoptin

Verapamil is a prescription medication used to treat chest pain, an irregular heartbeat, and high blood pressure. The extended-and sustained-release forms are used to treat high blood pressure.

These medications may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Manufacturer

Isoptin Drug Class

Isoptin is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Isoptin

Oral/Injectable:

Serious side effects have been reported with verapamil. See the “Drug Precautions” section.

Common side effects of verapamil include:

  • constipation
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • low blood pressure, medically known as hypotension
  • swelling, medically known as edema
  • fatigue
  • difficulty breathing
  • a slow heart rate, medically known as bradycardia
  • rash
  • flushing

This is not a complete list of verapamil side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

 

Isoptin Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • medications that block the enzyme CYP3A4 such as some macrolide antibiotics (clarithromycin, telithromycin), some HIV protease inhibitors (indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir), some HCV protease inhibitors (boceprevir, telaprevir), some azole antifungals (ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole), conivaptan, delavirdine, and nefazodone
  • medications that increase the activity of the enzyme CYP3A4 such as carbamazepine (Tegretol, Equetro, Carbatrol), phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin), rifampin, St. John's wort, and nimodipine (Nimotop)
  • medications to treat high blood pressure such as vasodilators, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), diuretics, beta blockers, and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • anti-arrhythmic (irregular heartbeat) medications such as disopyramide (Norpace), flecainide (Tambocor), and quinidine
  • simvastatin (Zocor)
  • atorvastatin (Lipitor)
  • digoxin (Lanoxin)
  • alcohol
  • cimetidine (Tagamet)
  • lithium
  • carbamazepine (Equetro, Tegretol, Carbatrol)
  • rifampin 
  • cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune, Gengraf)
  • theophylline
  • telithromycin (Ketek)
  • clonidine (Catapres)

This is not a complete list of verapamil drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Isoptin Precautions

Oral/Injectable:

Serious side effects have been reported with verapamil including:

  • heart failure. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you experience any of the following symptoms of heart failure:
    • worsening shortness of breath
    • new or increasing irregularities in your heart rate
  • hypotension. Hypotension, or low blood pressure, may cause you to feel faint or dizzy. Inadequate fluid intake, excessive sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting can lead to an excessive fall in blood pressure too. Lie down if you feel faint or dizzy. Call your doctor right away.
  • liver problems. Your doctor may want to closely monitor liver function lab tests. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you experience any of the following symptoms of liver problems:
    • a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or lack of well-being (malaise)
    • fever
    • right upper abdominal (stomach area) pain
  • new irregular heartbeats. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you experience any of the following symptoms of an irregular heartbeat, medically known as an arrhythmia:
    • fast or slow heart beat
    • skipping beats
    • lightheadedness or dizziness
    • chest pain
    • shortness of breath
    • sweating

Verapamil can cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how verapamil affects you.

Do not take verapamil if you:

  • have severe left ventricular dysfunction
  • have low blood pressure (systolic pressure less than 90 mmHg) or cardiogenic shock
  • have sick sinus syndrome (except in patients with a functioning artificial pacemaker)
  • have second- or third-degree AV block (except in patients with a functioning artificial pacemaker)
  • have atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation and an accessory bypass tract such as Wolff-Parkinson-White or Lown-Ganong-Levine syndromes
  • have a known hypersensitivity to verapamil or the inactive ingredients

Isoptin Food Interactions

Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of verapamil, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.

Inform MD

Before taking verapamil, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:

  • have liver problems
  • have heart problems
  • have kidney problems
  • have a condition called Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy
  • have a condition called myasthenia gravis
  • are pregnant or breastfeeding

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Isoptin and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Verapamil falls into category C. There are no well-controlled studies that have been done in pregnant women. Verapamil should be used during pregnancy only if the possible benefit outweighs the possible risk to the unborn baby.

Isoptin and Lactation

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

This medication is excreted in human milk. Because of the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants from verapamil, nursing should be stopped while verapamil is being taken.

Isoptin Usage

Oral:

  • Verapamil comes in an immediate-release tablet form and is taken 3 to 4 times a day, with or without food. The extended-release tablet and capsule forms are usually taken once day with or without food. The sustained-release tablet form is usually taken once a day with food.
  • Verapamil capsules may also be taken by carefully opening the capsule and sprinkling the beads on a spoonful of applesauce. The applesauce should be swallowed immediately without chewing and followed with a glass of cool water to ensure complete swallowing of the beads. The applesauce used should not be hot, and it should be soft enough to be swallowed without chewing.
    • Any bead/applesauce mixture should be used immediately and not stored for future use.

Injectable:

  • This medication is available in an injectable form to be given directly into a vein (IV) by a healthcare professional.
  • If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of Calan at the same time.

Isoptin Dosage

Take verapamil exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

Oral:

  • The recommended dose range for immediate-release tablets is 40 to 480 mg, divided into smaller doses and taken three or four times a day.
  • The recommended dose range for verapamil extended- and sustained-release forms is 120 to 480 mg, divided into smaller doses and taken once or twice a day. Dose adjustments may be done based on your condition, severity of your condition, response to the medication, age, liver function, kidney function, and other medications you are taking.

Injectable:

  • This medication is available in an injectable form to be dosed by a healthcare professional.

Isoptin Overdose

If you take too much verapamil, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.

If verapamil is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.

 

Other Requirements

  • Store verapamil at room temperature.
  • Protect from light and moisture.
  • Dispense in tight, light-resistant containers.
  • Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children.