Ceftazidime

Ceftazidime treats several different types of bacterial infections. Report any diarrhea while taking this medication to your physician.

Ceftazidime Overview

Reviewed: July 22, 2013
Updated: 

Ceftazidime is a prescription medication used to treat bacterial infections, including lung, skin, bone, joint, brain, stomach, blood, urinary tract, and gynecological infections. Ceftazidime belongs to a group of drugs called cephalosporin antibiotics, which work to stop the growth of bacteria in the body.

This medication is available in an injectable form to be given directly into a vein (IV) or muscle (IM) by a healthcare professional.

Common side effects of ceftazidime include irritation at the site of injection, rash, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.

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What are you taking Ceftazidime for?

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  • Other
  • Acinetobacter Infections
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Bone Diseases, Infectious
  • Escherichia Coli Infections
  • Fever
  • Haemophilus Infections
  • Klebsiella Infections
  • Meningitis, Bacterial
  • Neutropenia
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial
  • Proteus Infections
  • Pseudomonas Infections
  • Sepsis
  • Serratia Infections
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial
  • Soft Tissue Infections
  • Staphylococcal Infections
  • Streptococcal Infections
  • Urinary Tract Infections

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  • Less than a week
  • A couple weeks
  • A month or so
  • A few months
  • A year or so
  • Two years or more

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Ceftazidime Cautionary Labels

precautionsprecautions

Uses of Ceftazidime

Ceftazidime is a prescription medication used to treat bacterial infections, including lung, skin, bone, joint, brain, stomach, blood, urinary tract, and gynecological infections.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

 

Ceftazidime Brand Names

Ceftazidime may be found in some form under the following brand names:

Ceftazidime Drug Class

Ceftazidime is part of the drug class:

Side Effects of Ceftazidime

Serious side effects have been reported with ceftazidime. See the “Drug Precautions” section.

Common side effects of ceftazidime include:

  • itching
  • rash
  • fever
  • irritation at the site of injection
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • headache

This is not a complete list of ceftazidime side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Ceftazidime Interactions

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • aminoglycosides such as amikacin (Amikin), gentamicin (Garamycin), and tobramycin (Nebcin)
  • furosemide (Lasix)
  • probenecid (Probalan, Benemid)
  • methotrexate (Trexall, Rheumatrex)
  • birth control pills
  • chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin, Mychel-S)

This is not a complete list of ceftazidime drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Ceftazidime Precautions

Serious side effects have been reported with ceftazidime including:

  • hypersensitivity (severe allergic reaction). Signs of a hypersensitivity reaction, which include the following:
    • chest pain
    • swelling of the face, eyes, lips, tongue, arms, or legs
    • difficulty breathing or swallowing
    • fainting
    • rash
  • diarrhea. Diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibiotics, and it usually ends when the antibacterial is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibiotics, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as 2 or more months after having taken their last dose of the antibacterial. If diarrhea is severe or lasts more than 2 or 3 days, contact your doctor, as this may be a sign of an infection of the bowels.
  • superinfection. Ceftazidime should not be used for extended periods. Prolonged use can lead to the growth of dangerous organisms that are resistant or unresponsive to this medication. Take ceftazidime for the duration prescribed by your doctor.
  • bleeding abnormalities. Your health care provider may want to monitor lab tests that show how well your blood is able to clot or that measure your tendency to bleed. Any abnormalities or irregularities that may occur may be more common in those with kidney dysfunction.
  • nervous system disturbances. Some may experience nervous symptom abnormalities such as a seizure or disturbances of consciousness (confusion, hallucinations, stupor, coma) when the dose of ceftazidime exceeds the recommended dose, especially in the presence of kidney dysfunction.

Do not take ceftazidime if you are allergic to ceftazidime or to any of its ingredients.

Ceftazidime Food Interactions

Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of ceftazidime, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.

Inform MD

Before taking ceftazidime, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:

  • are allergic to ceftazidime or to any ingredient of ceftazidime
  • are allergic to similar antibiotics (penicillins, cephalosporins)
  • have kidney problems
  • have gastrointestinal (stomach or bowel) problems
  • have a history of seizure activity
  • are pregnant or are breastfeeding

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Ceftazidime and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Ceftazidime falls into category B. There are no well-done studies that have been done in humans with ceftazidime. But in animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication, and the babies did not show any medical issues related to this medication.

Ceftazidime and Lactation

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

Ceftazidime has been detected in human breast milk. Because of the possibility for adverse reactions in nursing infants from ceftazidime, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or to stop use of this medication. The importance of the drug to the mother should be considered.

Ceftazidime Usage

Take ceftazidime exactly as prescribed.

This medication is available in an injectable form to be given directly into a vein (IV) or muscle (IM) by a healthcare professional.

Ceftazidime Dosage

Take ceftazidime exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The ceftazidime dose your doctor recommends will be based on the following:

  • the condition being treated
  • other medical conditions you have
  • other medications you are taking
  • how you respond to this medication
  • your kidney function
  • your weight
  • your age

The recommended dose range for ceftazidime is 500 mg to 6 grams, divided into even doses and given every 8, 12, 24, or 48 hours.

Ceftazidime Overdose

Ceftazidime is usually administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting making it unlikely for an overdose to occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.